Allah Plays with His Souls, Part 2
29 Oct, 2008
Back to Part 1
Allah’s Soul impregnates Mary
In part 1, we read that according ibn Kathir (verse 2:87) Allah’s Soul is Gabriel, the archangel. Because of this lofty position, Allah also calls Gabriel Ruh al Quddus, the Holy Soul or the Holy Spirit. This is akin to the Christians’ concept of the Holy Ghost. In this part, we shall read how Allah’s Soul also impregnated Mary, the mother of Jesus. The Christians believe that a Holy Ghost had made Mary pregnant.
Ibn Ishaq (pp.270-272) writes that a sixty member delegate of Christians from Najaran came to Muhammad to debate about religious matter. Muhammad commanded them to submit to Islam. They were adamant they already believed in Allah and Jesus. But Muhammad was not satisfied. He insisted that because of their belief in Trinity and because of their consumption of pork, they have been excluded from the assembly of believers. The leaders of the delegation explained to Muhammad that because there was no known father of Jesus, they called Jesus the son of God. Then they asked Muhammad who he thought was the father of Jesus. Muhammad remained silent; he had no answer. So Allah sent down a few verses of Sura al Imran (Sura 3) and Sura Maryam (Sura 19).
In verse 3:49 Allah claimed that Jesus could make the figure of a bird in clay, and with the blessing of Allah, breathed life into it; healed the blind and the lepers.
Jalalyn, one of the most respected exegetes of the Qur’an writes that Gabriel breathed into the opening of Maryam’s garment and she became pregnant.
In verse 19:17, Allah told Muhammad that an angel (only one angel; contradiction: 3:43, 45 say several angels visited Mary), as a man, appeared to Mary.
According to ibn Kathir, the angel was Gabriel, Allah’s soul. He appeared to her complete and perfect in the shape of a man. Gabriel is Allah’s Ruh or Soul.
In 19:18, we read that Mary sought protection of Allah from the angel who came to her in the shape of a man. As per ibn Kathir, Mary thought the man (angel) was about to rape her. This means Allah’s soul, Gabriel, was menacing. Mary was petrified that this Allah’s soul might molest her.
Allah’s Soul, archangel Gabriel, informed Mary that Allah is capable of doing anything; her son (Jesus) would be a sign from Allah.
Jalalyn writes that Gabriel breathed into the opening of her shirt, whereupon she sensed the formed foetus in her womb.
In verse 19:22 Allah says that after conceiving Jesus, Mary isolated herself to a faraway place.
Ibn Kathir writes:
…the angel (who was Jibril) blew into the opening of the garment that she was wearing. Then the breath descended until it entered into her vagina and she conceived the child.
This means Allah’s Soul, Gabriel, carried in his breath the seed of Allah, which induced Mary’s pregnancy.
In verse 21:91, we read that Mary guarded her chastity (sexual organ). Allah breathed into her His spirit, the Ruh. Thus, Allah made her and her son (Jesus) signs for all people. Note that Allah did not specifically mention that the Ruh or the Soul was Gabriel. So we can be certain that it was Allah’s seed that caused Mary’s pregnancy, and not the seed of Gabriel.
Jalalyn writes that the Ruh in 21:91 was Gabriel, and Gabriel breathed into the opening of Mary’s garment and she became pregnant.
Let us read in full what ibn Kathir writes on 21:91:
'Isa and Maryam the True Believer
Here Allah mentions the story of Maryam and her son 'Isa, just after mentioning Zakariyya and his son Yahya, may peace be upon them all. He mentions the story of Zakariyya first, followed by the story of Maryam because the one is connected to the other. The former is the story of a child being born to an old man of advanced years, from an old woman who had been barren and had never given birth when she was younger. Then Allah mentions the story of Maryam which is even more wondrous, for in this case a child was born from a female without (the involvement of) a male. These stories also appear in Surah Al `Imran and in Surah Maryam. Here Allah mentions the story of Zakariyya and follows it with the story of Maryam, where He says:
(And she who guarded her chastity,) means, Maryam (peace be upon her). This is like the Ayah in Surah At-Tahrim:
(And Maryam, the daughter of `Imran who guarded her chastity. And We breathed into it [her garment] through Our Ruh) [66:12].
(and We made her and her son a sign for the nations. ) means, evidence that Allah is able to do all things and that He creates whatever He wills; verily, His command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, "Be'' -- and it is! This is like the Ayah:
(And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind) [19:21]
The above interpretation means the angel (Gabriel) implanted Allah’s seed inside Mary’s womb. It might seem incredible but let us read ibn Kathir's interpretation of verse 66:12 where he repeats the theme. This verse says that Mary was the daughter of Imran; she guarded her chastity (sexual organ) and was a virgin before she became pregnant through Allah; Allah breathed His spirit into Mary's body.
Ibn Kathir writes:
(And Maryam, the daughter of `Imran who guarded her chastity (private part) meaning, who protected and purified her honor, by being chaste and free of immorality,
(And We breathed into it (private part) through Our Ruh,) meaning, through the angel Jibril. Allah sent the angel Jibril to Maryam, and he came to her in the shape of a man in every respect. Allah commanded him to blow into a gap of her garment and that breath went into her womb through her private part; this is how `Isa was conceived. This is why Allah said here,
(And We breathed into it through Our Ruh, and she testified to the truth of her Lords Kalimat, and His Kutub,) meaning His decree and His legislation.
Even ibn Kathir admits that Jesus carried Allah's seed. The Soul of Allah, Gabriel, implanted seed of Allah inside Mary’s womb, and Mary became pregnant with Allah’s seed.
It appears that the Qur’an supports the Christians assertion that Jesus is the son of Allah.
Jesus is Allah’s Soul (Spirit)
The scenario of the creation of Jesus can be summed up in this manner:
Allah gave Gabriel His (Allah’s) seed.
Allah sent His Soul or Spirit, Gabriel, to impregnate Mary.
Gabriel brought with him the seed of Allah.
Gabriel opened Mary’s garment and inserted Allah’s seed inside Mary’s vagina.
Mary became pregnant with Allah’s seed.
Mary gave birth to Jesus.
Jesus became Allah’s Soul, the Son.
Maulana Asad translates that Jesus was Allah’s soul. Let us read 4:171 as translated by him:
4:171: O FOLLOWERS of the Gospel! Do not overstep the bounds [of truth] in your religious beliefs, and do not say of God anything but the truth. The Christ Jesus, son of Mary, was but God's Apostle - [the fulfillment of] His promise which He had conveyed unto Mary - and a soul created by Him. Believe, then, in God and His apostles, and do not say, "[God is] a trinity". Desist [from this assertion] for your own good. God is but One God; utterly remote is He, in His glory, from having a son: unto Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth; and none is as worthy of trust as God.
In a footnote Maulana Asad writes this comment:
Footnote 181: Lit., "His word which He conveyed unto Mary and a soul from Him". According to Tabari, the "word" (kalimah) was "the announcement (risalah) which God bade the angels to convey to Mary, and God's glad tiding to her" (a reference to 3: 45) - which justifies the rendering of kalimatuhu as "[the fulfilment of] His promise". (See also note on 3: 39.) As regards the expression, "a soul from Him" or "created by Him", it is to be noted that among the various meanings which the word ruh bears in the Qur’an (e.g., "inspiration" in 2: 87 and 253), it is also used in its primary significance of "breath of life", "soul", or "spirit": thus, for instance, in 32: 9, where the ever-recurring evolution of the human embryo is spoken of: "and then He forms him [i.e., man] and breathes into him of His spirit" - that is, endows him with a conscious soul which represents God's supreme gift to man and is, therefore, described as "a breath of His spirit". In the verse under discussion, which stresses the purely human nature of Jesus and refutes the belief in his divinity, the Qur’an points out that Jesus, like all other human beings, was "a soul created by Him".
But Allah contradicts Himself. In the very next verse Allah says Jesus was His servant.
Maulana Asad translates 4:172:
Never did the Christ feel too proud to be God's servant, nor do the angels who are near unto Him. And those who feel too proud to serve Him and glory in their arrogance [should know that on Judgment Day] He will gather them all unto Himself: (4: 173) whereupon unto those who attained to faith and did good deeds He will grant their just rewards, and give them yet more out of His bounty; whereas those who felt too proud and gloried in their arrogance He will chastise with grievous suffering: and they shall find none to protect them from God, and none to bring them succour.
Disturbed by such an imbroglios mind of Allah, one anonymous Islamist writer attempts to distinguish between a Soul (nafs) and a Spirit (Ruh). He writes:
However, we have to distinguish Nafs (soul) from Ruh (spirit). Whereas the Spirit is a Universal principle, each person has his own soul and it can degenerate or it can be made to grow. The atrophication (sic) or development of the soul depends on the withdrawal or introduction of Spirit.
This obfuscation continues when this Islamist writer continues:
The soul may be regarded as a local organization of the spirit and contains the information relating to the individual (his inherited and acquired characteristics and those created by his own efforts at integration).
This attempt is silly, fatuous and a sign of desperation, for, nowhere in the Qur’an Allah says that the Spirit is a Universal Principle. In part 3 we shall learn that when the Jews asked Muhammad about his claim of visitation by a Spirit, Muhammad replied that the knowledge of spirit was only with Allah. Later, Muhammad said that the spirit was Gabriel. The Jews replied that they could not accept Muhammad as their messenger as they considered spirit Gabriel as their enemy. We also noted that most exegetes of the Qur’an consider Muhammad's Soul was Gabriel. In this context, there is virtually no difference between an Islamic spirit and an Islamic soul.
In the following verse Allah says [Hilali and Khan]:
16:102: Say (O Muhammad) Ruh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)] has brought it (the Qur'an) down from your Lord with truth, that it may make firm and strengthen (the Faith of) those who believe and as a guidance and glad tidings to those who have submitted (to Allâh as Muslims).
And here is more from Allah [ Hilali and Khan]:
26:192: And truly, this (the Qur'ân) is a revelation from the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists),
26: 193 Hilali and Khan Which the trustworthy Rûh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] has brought down;
26:194 Upon your heart (O Muhammad) that you may be (one) of the warners,
Moreover, the attempt to distinguish between the Islamic Spirit and the Islamic Soul creates more problems for Islam. For example: the distinction establishes three entities: Allah, the Spirit, and the Soul. This is similar to what the Christians assertion—the Father, the Holy Ghost, and the Son—the concept of Trinity.
…To be continued in part 3
Abul Kasem is an Bengali ex-Muslim and academic. He has contributed in Leaving Islam - Apostates Speak Out and Beyond Jihad - Critical Voices from Inside. He has also written extensively on Islam in various websites and is the author of five e-Books: A Complete Guide to Allah, Root of Terrorism ala Islamic Style, Sex and Sexuality in Islam, Who Authored the Quran? and Women in Islam. Mr. Kasem leaves in Sydney, Australia. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.