Islam Under Scrutiny by Ex-Muslims

[Book] Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism and Slavery (by MA Khan)




Comments (more comments at Amazon.com)

 

Allan Hansen:

Dear M.A. Khan. I am now reading your masterpiece: Islamic Jihad. It's the best I've read since Why I am not a Muslim (Ibn Warraq, 1995)

I am trying if I can persuade a Danish historian, journalist, writer and president of Freedom of Speech foundation, Lars Hedegaard, to translate your book into Danish. Lars Hedegaard is the translator of Why I am not a Muslim.

Aasma Riaz:

Thank you so much for your book "Islamic Jihad" and showing me the "Big Picture". For 7-8 days, I was glued to your book, absorbing so much information that I did not know existed. You have crisply covered so much in your book and quoted historical references extensively. I am just overwhelmed with different emotions after reading your book. I will take a printout of your book, cover it with spiral binding and a laminated cover, and circulate it cautiously within my immediate circles. That is the very least I can do in terms of doing justice to such a priceless tome.

Randall E Otto:

I'm about halfway through the book and find it meticulously detailed in explaining the violent and often barbaric expansionism of Islam historically.  Thanks for providing us with this detailed analysis of the history of Islamic imperialism.

Dr Anil K Vajpayee:

"I read your book on Islamic jihad. I think it is one of the best books I ever read on Islam. It is highly informative and insightful."

Slant Right Blog:

"Islamic Jihad is so incredibly documented that it leaves little room to criticize the book for the accuracy of the Islamic exposé. So do not tackle this book for reading enjoyment, rather engulf the book to educate your self on the actual nature of Islam’s past to understand its present and predict its future."

Ayesha Ahmed:

"Your book is amazing, you have done a fantastic job. The info I found in it I had never seen before. Actually I have started going over it again. Only other books I read twice previously were Craig Winn's Prophet of Doom and Ali Sina's Understanding Mohammad. I congratulate you on writing a masterpieace.."

"Mr Khan: I congratulate you on your excellent book, which I finished reading last week. Although I have read several good books on similar topics, including Dr. Bostom's book "Legacy of Jihad" and Mr Ghosh's book "Islam and Kafir" but your book takes the cake. It is a "must read" for Muslims and non-Muslims."

M. Sharif:

I have bought your book, Islamic Jihad, from the Amazon and found the book to be extremely good and informative.

Bill Warner (scholar of Islam and director of Center for the Study of Political Islam):

I am only half-way through your book, Islamic Jihad, but it is of such magnitude that I must congratulate on an extraordinary work. Your work is in depth and has a great scope. Much of the historical material is largely unknown and greatly needed. I believe that you have done a remarkable job on slavery. Your work is a blessing to humanity.

S. Z. Manik

I have just finished 'Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery'. I congratulate you upon your valuable contribution. I would call it a masterpiece and great contribution to humanity... Actually like a spellbound man I have gone through your book. Now I will call it a mighty weapon against Islam.

C. C Chrappa (at Amazon.com)

A Must Read
Khan's work stands out from the field... a book that's a goldmine... With Khan's book, you will have solid amateur knowledge not only of Islamic history, but Islamic theology as well. For that reason, it is a threat to those who try to keep us blinkered about the reality of Jihad. And to open eyes was Khan's intention. He has succeeded magnificently... Khan depicts the life of Muhammad as a microcosm of Islamic doctrine and history, and he does so brilliantly.

I cannot recommend this book highly enough. Read it and learn.

Objective Reader, Amazon.com

With this book, M A Khan joins the ranks of luminaries like Ibn Warraq, Ali Sina, Bat Yeor and Geert Wilders.

Abul Kasem:

Khan’s work is very scholarly, persuasive and cogent. The language is simple, easy to understand, and engaging. Once started reading, readers would feel an urge to finish the book. No serious readers of Islam should ignore this book. Read this book and you will grasp why the Islamic Jihadis are doing what they are doing. Readers of the subcontinent (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh), especially Muslims, will be shocked at the suffering their ancestors suffered at the hands of Muslim invaders from the Middle East and Central Asia. The compelling account of many invasions and subsequent incursions will force them to eagerly search their roots. Readers from elsewhere in the Muslims world, and even Europe and America, would also be able make a connection as to how Islam impacted lives of their ancestors.

This book is also a must read for today’s political leaders—both Muslim and non-Muslim—to shake off their apathy towards the mortal danger of ascendant Islamic radicalism.

Mohammad Asghar:

The book, "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism and Slavery", is M. A. Khan's gift to mankind. It is an essential read for all of us, for it depicts the true nature of Islam and the serious threat it poses to the safety and well-being of non-Muslims. I thank the author for giving us such a precious gift.

Prof. Sami Alrabaa, author of Karin in Saudi Arabia

"I read your book and found it fascinating. It is one of those few books which everybody, Muslims and non-Muslims, must read. It is objective and balanced. For example, when you discuss how moderates interpret Jihad and how radical/militant Muslims interpret it.

“Islamic Jihad” is a comprehensive reference which entails in detail lots of facts about Islam and its prophet, in historical and current times. It is very well documented. All that makes it a must read to all of those who want to understand the driving force behind Jihad and terror."

Dr. Mervyn Brendle, James Cook University, (Australia)

“I have read some sections and… look forward to reading it in some detail. It appears to be a substantial addition to the vital work underway in expanding our understanding of the history, nature, and danger of the global jihadi movement.”

Ibn Warraq, author of Why I Am Not a Muslim

This book, I believe, will be a very important contribution for making a thorough understanding of the rising challenges both Muslim and non-Muslim world faces from Islamic extremists."

Nonie Darwish, author of Now They Call Me Infidel

"This is a must read book, very important and eloquently written, that sheds light on the violent imperialist nature of jihad: a main doctrine in Islam that can only be accomplished at the expense of violating human rights of non-Muslims as well as Muslims."

Nausheen Najib Rehman (Rehman is translating the book)

"I had the good fortune of reading this magnum opus. The author demonstrates beyond any vestige of doubt with extensive documentation that the Jihadi violence and terrorism, which grips our world, comes from the very heart of Islam. This is a "must read book" for all.  The author (M. A. Khan) and Dr. Ali Sina are like two barrel-guns against the threat of Jihad, the world faces."

Mumin Salih (writer)

Your book is well researched and scholarly written. Its strength is in its style, rich insight, depth of analysis and the fact that it is well-sourced from Islamic own literature, including the Quran... The book also presents powerful arguments and critical examination of the teachings of Islam and its sanctioning of jihad. It brings to light the reality of jihad and the horrors of surrendering to its evil known as dhimmitude.

Your book is an essential reading for all those who are interested in understanding the menace of jihad.

Amar Khan

I have read half of the book. it is very versatile. And covering about all the aspect from history and contemporary. A must read book, indeed. One more thing, before start reading it, finish your works, because once you start reading, it will not let you move.......



MA Khan's Preface

I was born and brought up in a conservative Muslim society. After graduating in India, I moved to the West for furthering my education. Despite my conservative Muslim background, I grew up with a liberal outlook. In my school and university days, my closest friends were Hindus and Sikhs: I felt more comfortable with them as they were more liberal, easy-going and humble with fewer religious scruples. I had wholly given up religious rituals by the time I completed my university studies: they just didn’t attract me.

When 9/11 occurred, I had lived in a liberal society for over a decade. I had become consciously convinced that religious rituals—prayers, fasting, pilgrimage—were all meaningless. I should be rewarded, I felt, for working hard, and intelligently, not for aping some wasteful rituals, which brings good to nobody. Non-Muslims were my best friends; shocking my Muslim peers, I ate haraam (prohibited) foods, drank alcohol (in moderation).

Despite the kind of a liberal person I had become, let me be honest that I was not excluded from those Muslims who felt that the 9/11 attacks were justified, although I felt those perished in it died undeserving deaths. Muslim societies universally portray America as a mortal enemy of Islam, particularly for its stance on the Israel-Palestine conflict. America’s mindless support for Israel has been causing terrible oppression and untold sufferings to Palestinian Muslims. There was, undoubtedly, an overriding sense of justification for the 9/11 attacks amongst Muslims; it gave the unjust superpower a bloody nose: I, so little a Muslim, thought that way too.

Weird as it may sound, I still believed in Islam. I thought the terrorists, acting in the name of Islam, were misguided. After 9/11, I slowly started reading about Islam: Quran, Sunnah and Prophet Muhammad’s biographies; I hadn’t read them in the thirty-five years of my life. I was shocked. I had been told all my life that Prophet Muhammad was the ideal human being: most merciful and just; that Islam is the most peaceful religion; and I believed it. But the Quran reads like a manifesto of open-ended war against non-Muslims for converting them or for subjugating them into horribly degraded dhimmi subjects. In his prophetic career, especially during the critical last ten years, Prophet Muhammad was anything but what a peace-loving, merciful and just person stands for.

My curiosity grew. Over the past years, I have done extensive research on Islamic theology as well as on Islamic history: from Prophet Muhammad to modern times. It has been a harrowing tale of forced conversion, brutal imperialism and devastating slavery. It’s a saga of great human tragedy—all in the name of Islamic holy war or Jihad, the foundational creed of Islam. This tragic tale is the subject of this book.



Peek inside


Obviously, there is a great deal of disagreement or denial about this extremist discourse of Jihad.

Yet, it is undeniable that, out of misconception or not, the violent Islamist groups—with their unquestioned belief that they are fighting in the cause of Allah—will continue unleashing violence and terrorism against innocent men, women and children in the years and decades to come, causing incalculable damage and destruction to human life and society. Indisputably, Muslims are now a substantial and established group in almost every nation in the world. Due to high birth-rates amongst Muslims, their continued influx from the overpopulated Islamic world and decline of the native population, they may become, according to current demographic trends, the dominant religious group in many Western countries by the middle of this century. If the current tide of ascendant violent radicalism continues to thrive amongst Muslims, the stability of the tolerant, civilized world may face peril in the not-too-distant future. To secure the stability of the modernist, secular-democratic and progressive future of the world, nations must work unitedly for countering the ideology and activities of these radical Islamist groups, using both military and ideological means.

As violent Islamists wreak havoc around the world, more so in Islamic countries, understanding the ‘true meaning’ of Jihad, their central cause, is of central importance for both Muslims and non-Muslims in order to devise effective counter-measures against them. Without understanding what Jihad truly means, it is impossible for authorities and the people to devise effective remedies against the growing violent trend in the name of Jihad amongst Muslims.

This book is a small effort to give readers an idea of what Jihad truly means. It goes through the life of Prophet Muhammad as he progressively received revelation from the Islamic God (Allah) as contained in the Muslim holy book, the Quran. It will examine when and under what circumstances, Allah introduced the concept of Jihad into Islamic doctrines. It will demonstrate—based on the Quran, authentic prophetic traditions, and original biographies of Prophet Muhammad—how the Prophet of Islam had applied the doctrine of Jihad as he founded the Islamic creed during the last twenty-three years of his life (610–632 CE). Having thus made a sense of the religious foundation and prophetic model of Jihad, it will examine how this prototypical model of Jihad was perpetuated by Muslims through the ages of Islamic domination.

It is worth noting beforehand that, in putting Allah’s doctrine of Jihad into practice at the birth of Islam, Prophet Muhammad had established three major models of Jihadi actions:

  1. Use of violence for the propagation of Islam,

  2. Islamic imperialism,

  3. Islamic slavery

The historical accounts of these legacies of Jihad will be discussed in separate chapters in this book.


CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER I

JIHAD: THE CONTROVERSIES ...................................................... 1


CHAPTER II

BASIC BELIEFS IN ISLAM .............................................................. 7


CHAPTER III

LIFE OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD & THE BIRTH OF JIHAD.............. 13

The birth and early life (c. 570–610) ............................................ 14

Prophetic mission in Mecca (610–622) ........................................ 17

Was Muhammad driven out of Mecca? ...................................... 18

Were the Meccans a cruel people? .......................................... 22

Exemplary tolerance of Meccans. ............................................. 25

Muhammad’s campaign of terror against Meccans (623–630).......... 26

The Seeding of Jihad: ............................................................... 27

The Raid of Nakhla: ................................................................. 30

The great Battle of Badr: ........................................................... 31

The disastrous Battle of Ohud: .................................................. 32

The Battle of the Ditch (Trench): ................................................. 34

The conquest of Mecca and capture of the Ka’ba: ....................... 34

Muhammad’s exemplary forgiveness of Meccans ........................ 39

Muhammad’s Dealing with the Jews ............................................... 42

Jewish influence on Muhammad’s mission: ................................. 42

Muhammad’s Exhortation to draw the Jews to Islam: ................... 43

Jewish doctrines in good light in Islam: ........................................ 43

Muhammad’s bitterness with the Jews: ........................................ 44

Muhammad’s violence against the Jews: ...................................... 45

Muhammad’s dealing with the Christians ......................................... 51

Christian Influence on Muhammad’s mission and creed: ................ 52

Influence of other beliefs and legends on Muhammad’s creed ......... 56

Christian thoughts in Islam: ......................................................... 58

Condemnation of Christianity in the Quran: ................................... 61

Muhammad’s hostility toward Christians: ...................................... 62

Muhammad’s anti-Christian hostility in his death-bed: .................... 63

Muhammad’s threatening missives to Christian rulers: .................... 64

Muhammad’s expeditions against Christians: ................................. 64

Muhammad’s dealing with Christian delegations: ............................ 65

Status of non-Muslims in Islam as accorded by Muhammad ................ 67

Idolaters in Islam: ......................................................................... 67

Jews in Islam: .............................................................................. 68

Christians in Islam: ........................................................................ 69

Muhammad’s Jihad and its outcome .................................................. 71


CHAPTER IV

PROPAGATION OF ISLAM: BY FORCE OR PEACEFULLY ..................... 73

The early wars for spreading Islam ..................................................... 74

Propagation of Islam: Quranic commands and prophetic model............. 77

Muslim scholars on the wars for spreading Islam ................................ 79

Protecting sovereignty of the Islamic state: ..................................... 81

Overcoming tyranny of foreign rulers: ............................................. 83

Freeing weak countries from oppressive rulers: ............................... 85

Removing tyranny and oppression: ................................................ 86

Welcome in Spain: ....................................................................... 89

How so many Hindus survived in India? ............................................... 92

Why so many people in India are still Hindus? ..................................... 97

How conversion took place in India? .................................................... 99

Conversion by the sword: ................................................................ 99

Conversion through enslavement: .................................................... 101

Enslaved women as reproduction tools: ........................................... 102

Humiliation & economic burdens contributing to conversion: .............. 105

Conversion under brutal Aurangzeb: ................................................ 109

Brutal Conversion in Kashmir: ......................................................... 111

Deceptive propaganda about conversion ............................................... 112

Voluntary conversion: ...................................................................... 112

Conversion of lower caste Hindus: .................................................... 112

Peaceful conversion by Sufis: .......................................................... 115

Conversion by traders in Southeast Asia: .......................................... 133

What enabled the conversion of the otherwise resistant infidels of

Southeast Asia to Islam so quickly after Muslims gained political

power? ............................................................................................. 139

Conclusion ........................................................................................... 146


CHAPTER V

THE ARAB-ISLAMIC IMPERIALISM  ......................................................... 147

Islamic imperialism: Quranic commands & prophetic model .................... 149

The Perception of Islamic rule ............................................................... 152

Why Islamic rule is not colonialism? ....................................................... 155

Economic exploitation in Islamic expansion ............................................ 158

The cultural imperialism of Islam ............................................................. 164

Contribution of Islam to conquered lands ................................................. 172

The underdeveloped society of the Arabs: ............................................ 174

Prohibition of intellectual pursuits in Islam: ............................................ 177

Islam egalitarian or racist? .................................................................. 179

Islam’s extirpation of egalitarian Buddhism: .......................................... 183

How the Muslim world excelled intellectually and materially? .................. 185

Calling colonies home ............................................................................. 188


CHAPTER VI

ISLAMIC IMPERIALISM IN INDIA ................................................. 191

The Islamic conquest and rule ................................................................. 194

India before the coming of Islam ............................................................... 201

An advanced civilization: ..................................................................... 201

A tolerant and humane society: ........................................................... 205

Muslim codes of war: ......................................................................... 207

Indian tolerance in the eyes of Muslim chroniclers: ................................ 210

Tolerance & chivalry of Hindu rulers during Muslim period: ..................... 212

Hindu-Muslim divide: A British invention? ................................................. 217

Hindu-Muslim discord, Partition of India & British complicity ..................... 220

The 1947 Riots and Massacres: Who is Responsible? .............................. 225

The Mopla Rebellion: ......................................................................... 225

Direct Action riots in Calcutta. ............................................................ 226

Anti-Hindu riots move to East Bengal: .................................................. 231

Hindu counterattack in Bihar: .............................................................. 232

Riots move to Pakistan: ....................................................................... 234

Sikh and Hindu Retaliation: .................................................................. 237

Premeditated ethnic cleansing of Hindus and Sikhs: .............................. 239

Ethnic cleansing of Muslims: ................................................................ 242

Who bears the responsibility? ................................................................ 245

Islam’s impact on the social, intellectual and cultural life of India .................. 246

On Education and learning: .................................................................... 246

Caste system worsened: ....................................................................... 249

Islam created the practice of Jauhar: ....................................................... 252

Sati worsened under the Muslim rule: ..................................................... 252

Islam promoted child-marriage: .............................................................. 253

Islam created the deadly thuggee cult: .................................................... 254

Islam’s impact on religious demographics: past & present ............................ 257

Muslim rule and poverty ............................................................................. 259

Legacy .................................................................................................... 263

 
CHAPTER VII

ISLAMIC SLAVERY  ..................................................................................... 267

Quranic sanction of slavery ....................................................................... 269

The prophetic model of slavery ................................................................... 271

Slavery in the ancient world ........................................................................ 272

Enslavement by Muslims in India ............................................................... 274

Enslavement by Muslims elsewhere ........................................................... 285

The Ottoman ‘Dewshirme’ ......................................................................... 288

Status of slaves ........................................................................................ 290

Suffering of slaves ..................................................................................... 291

Fate of slaves ........................................................................................... 299

Sex-slavery & concubinage ....................................................................... 308

Eunuchs and ghilman ................................................................................ 312

Islamic slave-trade .................................................................................... 315

European slaves ........................................................................................ 320

The Viking slave-trade & Muslim connection ............................................... 322

European slave-trade & Islamic complicity ................................................. 324

Denials of Islamic slavery .......................................................................... 327

Humane treatment of slaves in Islam: ......................................................... 329

Islam aggravated slavery: .......................................................................... 331

Slavery, theologically & historically, an integral part of Islam ....................... 332

Special cruelty and casualty of Islamic slavery ........................................... 334

Abolition of slavery & Islamic resistance .................................................... 335

European struggle against Islamic slavery in North Africa ............................ 336

The British struggle: ............................................................................. 336

The U.S. struggle and strike-back: ........................................................ 341

The British-led European strike-back: .................................................... 344

Muslim resistance against the Ottoman ban on slavery .............................. 345

Continuation & revival of slavery in Muslim countries .................................. 346

Muslims bring slavery to the West ........................................................... 349

Conclusion ............................................................................................. 350

 
CHAPTER VIII

THE LAST WORD ....................................................................................... 353


BIBLIOGRAPHY ....................................................................................... 359


MA Khan is the editor of islam-watch.org and the author of Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism and Slavery.

 
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